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__Quiz 16__

**1.)** Factor or state it is prime:
$$2x^2-x+13.$$
*Solution:* Prime

**2.)** Solve:
$$x^2-9=0.$$

*Solution:* This factors (as a difference of squares):
$$x^2-9=(x-3)(x+3)$$
Therefore to solve the equation $x^2-9=0$, we must solve
$$(x-3)(x+3)=0.$$
Using the zero product property tells us that the solution is $x=3$ or $x=-3$.

**3.)** Solve:
$$x^2+3x=4.$$
*Solution:* Subtract $4$ from both sides to get
$$x^2+3x-4=0.$$

This factors as
$$x^2+3x-4=(x+4)(x-1).$$
Therefore to solve $x^2+3x=4$ we must solve
$$(x+4)(x-1)=0.$$
Thus the solution is $x=1$ or $x=-4$.
**4.)** The product of two consecutive numbers is $156$. Find such a pair of numbers (two pairs of numbers with this property exist).

*Solution:* Let $x$ be the first of the two numbers. Then $x+1$ is the second. The description says
$$x(x+1)=156.$$
This can be rewritten as the quadratic equation
$$x^2+x-156=0.$$
Since $12 \cdot (-13)=156$ take $p=12$ and $q=-13$. Factoring by grouping yields
$$(x-12)(x+13)=0.$$
Now solving this gives us $x=12$ or $x=-13$. So we can say that two consecutive numbers whose product is $156$ are $12$ and $13$ or $(-13)$ and $(-12)$.

**5.)** The base of a triangle is $3$ $\mathrm{cm}$ less than its height. Its area is $14$ $\mathrm{cm}^2$. Find the length of the base and the height of this triangle.

*Solution:* The description says that $b=h-3$. Since the area of any triangle is $A = \dfrac{1}{2}bh$, we plug in $b=h-3$ and $A=28$ to get the equation
$$14=\dfrac{1}{2}(h-3)h.$$
Multiplying by $2$ to get rid of the fraction and distributing the $h$ on the right hand side yields
$$28=h^2-3h.$$
Subtracting $56$ to put it on the right side yields the equation
$$0=h^2-3h-28.$$
We may factor the right hand side and write
$$0=(h-7)(h+4).$$
From this we see the solution of the quadratic equation is $h=7$ or $h=-4$. Since $h=-4$ is not physically meaningful, we get the only solution to be $h=7$. So the height of the triangle is $h=7$ and the base is of length $b=7-3=4$.